93 years ago on this day May 31, 1921, the Tulsa Race Riot began. It is marked as the deadliest race riot in the history of the U.S. & destroyed what was known as, Black Wall Street.
Black Wall Street was the wealthiest black community in the United States, full of black owned businesses consisting of:
a bus system
its own hospital.
Racial tension boiled over on May 30, 1921 when a white woman accused a black boy of sexual assault. Late that night, a mob of nearly 10,000 white men launched an all out assault on Black Wall Street systematically burning down every home & business.
Attacks came from both the ground and the sky as the mobs used planes from World War I to drop firebombs and shoot at residents. African Americans that were captured were held in internment camps around the city by local police & National Guard units.
Blacks who were injured during the 16 hour attack couldn’t seek medical care because the mobs torched the only black hospital in the city.
The attack left about 10,000 African Americans homeless and 35 city blocks burned to the ground. In total, 1,256 houses & 191 businesses (including churches, a middle school & a hospital) were burned.
In the aftermath, it was estimated that 300 African Americans were killed and many of their bodies were buried in unmarked graves.
The Tulsa Race Riot was taught for the 1st time in Tulsa public schools in 2012. #NeverForget #BlackWallStreet #BlackHistory
[For more on social justice, follow me on Instagram: soulrevision , Tumblr: soulrevision , Facebook: soulrevision , Twitter: soulrevision]On this day, June 21, 1964, three Freedom Summer volunteers were murdered by the KKK & the Neshoba County Sheriffs Department in Mississippi.
During the summer of 1964, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney & Michael Schwerner (ages: 20, 21, & 24, respectively) volunteered for Freedom Summer in an effort to register members of Mississippi’s black communities to vote.
The 3 young men had set out to investigate the burning and destruction of a church, telling other volunteers to search for them if they were not back by 4pm.
While on the road, the 3 were pulled over by Deputy Cecil Price (a member of the KKK) and arrested.
They were jailed briefly and released that night. While on the road again, they were stopped by the KKK who shot and killed all 3 of them, and buried them beneath a 15ft earthen dam.
The bodies of the young men were found 44 days later after an informant tipped off the FBI.The federal government initially charged 18 men with the crime, but were only able to secure convictions for 7 of them. The charges were not for murder, but for conspiring to deprive the 3 murdered men of their civil rights.
The 7 men found guilty of murder were sentenced to 3-10 years in prison, none of them served more than 6 years.
The FBI referred to the investigation of the 3 missing Freedom Summer volunteers as, Mississippi Burning. The movie, with the same title, was inspired by the events of that summer and the trial that followed.
If you don’t know what Freedom Summer was, I encourage you to research it.#NeverForget #FreedomSummer
Yup, Roland Martin wrote that article today. I would urge you all to read it. It was amazing to see how many black people tweeted me saying they agree with militarizing a black community. The iron in that is just …
And we need to get away from referring to Chicago as Chiraq.
Also, Roland Martin stated, In effect, Chicago needs a troop surge like what we saw in Iraq and Afghanistan. If we wanted to make the lives of residents there safer, why not do the same for Americans?
We made the resident of Iraq safe? How laughable is that!
You can read the article here: http://thebea.st/1mgJ3xI
Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture)
"Dr. King’s policy was that nonviolence would achieve the gains for black people in the United States. His major assumption was that if you are nonviolent, if you suffer, your opponent will see your suffering and will be moved to change his heart. That’s very good.
He only made one fallacious assumption: In order for nonviolence to work, your opponent must have a conscience. The United States has none.”
Every Tuesday night at 9pm EST there is an excellent twitter chat called #HipHopEd . Last night’s topic was, ‘What Is Hip Hop’s Role In The School To Prison Pipeline?’ I used this time to breakdown the connection between hip hop and private prisons, which fuel the School To Prison Pipeline.
While hip hop is not solely and directly responsible for the School To Prison Pipeline, it definitely plays a role as those who control what we listen to and see, invest in private prisons.
CCA is the Corrections Corporation of America, they are the oldest & largest private prison company in the United States. Not only have they capitalized on the failed war on drugs by housing drug offenders, they also found a way to bring in new revenue by incarcerating undocumented immigrants.
GEO is the second largest private prison company in the U.S. and has facilities in the UK, Australia and south Africa.
When we dig into the financials, investments & shareholders of media conglomerates and private prisons, we begin to see some familiar names. Vanguard is one name that comes up frequently as their hands dip in both media interests AND private prisons. Not only is Vanguard the largest shareholder in CCA, they are also the largest shareholder in GEO. When you hold as much stock as Vanguard, it is easy to assume, and rightfully so, that there is enough power to decide what we see and hear on the radio and tv.We all know that Viacom owns VH1, BET & MTV, so we see what type of programming comes out of those channels. Again, this is not to say that hip hop is the cause of the school to prison pipeline or mass incarceration, but it does help fuel it and it certainly invests in it. These connections between investors in private prisons & media are proof.
*I know you all are sticklers for wording, so let me say that filling the radio stations with music that glamorizes criminal lifestyles and drug use is only ONE of MANY ways to help fill prisons when crime rates are down & companies like CCA are requiring 90% occupancy*
As always, please don’t take anything that I blog on here for fact. These are my truths as I have researched for myself, now I urge you to do the same. I have posted some links to help get you started. Let’s continue to learn and educate ourselves and others so we can work collectively to dismantle the the prison industrial complex!
Time Warner Cable Holdings: http://bit.ly/1qXjzJu
CCA Holdings: http://bit.ly/1mnlhMA
GEO Holdings: http://bit.ly/1oE9JJd
Letter sent by CCA soliciting states to keep prisons 90% full: http://huff.to/1qXiv8p
GEO website: http://www.geogroup.com/
CCA website (take a look at their board of directors, you’ll find a familiar name on there): http://www.correctionscorp.com/
They made fun of your name and you have changed your name.
They made fun of your clothes and you changed clothes.
They made fun of your hair and you have straighten your hair.
They made fun of your skin and you bought skinn brighteners.
They made fun of your languages and you have adopted their own.
They made fun of your religion and you have embraced theirs.
Who taught you to hate the texture of your hair?
Who taught you to hate the color of your skin? to the extent that you bleach to be like the white man.
Who taught you to hate the shape of your nose and the shape of your lips?
Who taught you to hate the top of your head to the soles of your feet?
Who taught you to hate your being? to hate the land of your ancestors, to hate the race you belong to, such a point that you do not want to be next to each other.
When will we realize? When will be a humanity?